Revoking JWTs

Brian Pontarelli

I have been talking with developers about JSON Web Tokens (JWTs) recently and a one question keeps coming up: “How do I revoke a JWT?”

If you poke around online, you’ll find that the most common answers are:

  • Set the duration of the JWT to a short period (a few minutes)
  • Implement complicated blacklisting techniques

There is not a simple solution because JWTs are designed to be portable, decoupled, identities. Once you authenticate against an identity provider (IdP) and get back a JWT, you don’t need to ask the IdP if the JWT is valid. This is particularly powerful when you use RSA public/private key signing. The IdP signs the JWT using the private key and then any service that has the public key can verify the integrity of the JWT.

Here’s a diagram that illustrates this architecture:


The Todo Backend can use the JWT and the public key to verify the JWT and then pull the user’s id (in this case the subject) out of the JWT. The Todo Backend can then use the user’s id to perform operations on that user’s data. However, because the Todo Backend isn’t verifying the JWT with the IdP, it has no idea if an administrator has logged into the IdP and locked or deleted that user’s account. Continue reading